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Endogenous Metabolite

Metabolite results when a drug is metabolized into a modified form which continues to produce effects. A metabolome in a given body fluid is influenced by endogenous factors such as sex, age, body composition and genetics as well as underlying pathologies.The levels of the enormous array of unique small-molecule metabolites are usually kept tightly regulated by the activity of a very large array of enzymes and transporters responsible for the production, transformation, degradation, and compartmentalization of these small molecules.The levels of the endogenous small molecules present in the brain are normally tightly regulated.

  • Dihydroxyfumaric acid hydrate
    T4931199926-38-0
    Dihydroxyfumaric acid is a known generator of superoxide anions and by hydroxyl free radicals. Dihydroxyfumarate exposure can cause insulin inhibitory effects. It can spontaneously convert to hydroxypyruvate or to oxaloglycolate.
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  • Uridine
    T222158-96-8
    Uridine (Uridin), a nucleoside, consists of uracil and D-ribose by a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
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  • Rapamycin
    T153753123-88-9
    Rapamycin (AY 22989) is a natural product of macrolides, an mTOR inhibitor with specificity (HEK293 cells: IC50=0.1 nM). Rapamycin has immunosuppressive activity and induces autophagy.
    • $30
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  • Zeaxanthin
    TMS2180144-68-3
    1. Lutein and Zeaxanthin (All-Trans-Zeaxanthin) in neural tissue may have biological effects that include antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and structural actions. 2. Lutein and Zeaxanthin may be protective against eye disease because they absorb damaging blue light that enters the eye.
    • $80
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  • Arcyriaflavin A
    T21858118458-54-1In house
    Arcyriaflavin A is a metabolite obtained from the fungi, Nocardiopsis sp.
    • $61
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  • β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide
    T47211094-61-7
    β-nicotinamide mononucleotide is a product of the nicotinamide-phosphate ribosyltransferase (NAMPT) reaction. β-nicotinamide mononucleotide's actions include its role in cellular biochemical function, cardioprotection, diabetes, obesity-related complications, and Alzheimer's disease.
    • $30
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  • 3-Methyladenine
    T18795142-23-4
    3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is a PI3K inhibitor that selectively inhibits class IB PI3Kγ (IC50=60 μM) and class III VPS34 (IC50=25 μM). 3-Methyladenine inhibits autophagy.
    • $35
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  • Urolithin A
    T71741143-70-0
    Urolithin A is a secondary metabolite of ellagic acid, a polyphenolic antioxidant, that has antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant properties.
    • $42
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  • Cyclic-di-GMP disodium
    T369832222132-40-1
    Cyclic-di-GMP disodium (5GP-5GP disodium) is a bacterial second messenger and a STING agonist involved in a variety of prokaryotic processes including biofilm formation, motility, and cell cycle progression.Cyclic-di-GMP disodium displays antiproliferative activity against cancer cells, inducing elevated CD4 receptor expression and cell cycle arrest. Cyclic-di-GMP disodium can be used in cancer research cancer.
    • $139
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  • N4-Acetylcytidine
    T44563768-18-1
    N4-Acetylcytidine (N-Acetylcytidine) is a modified nucleoside. N4-acetylcytidine is an endogenous urinary nucleoside product of the degradation of transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA); urinary nucleosides are biological markers for patients with colorectal cancer.
    • $41
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  • Isonicotinic acid
    Fr1375655-22-1
    Isonicotinic acid is a metabolite of Isoniazid.Isonicotinic acid is a useful isomer of nicotinic acid. Isoniazid is converted to Isonicotinic acid by hydrazinolysis, with the biotransformation also to be catalyzed by cytochrome P450 enzymes, such as CYP2C.
    • $41
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  • Bilobalide
    T280833570-04-6
    Bilobalide ((-)-Bilobalide), a bioactive from Gingko Biloba, is active on hypoxia-induced alterations.
    • $50
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  • Adenosine monophosphate
    T213361-19-8
    Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is a purine ribonucleoside 5'-monophosphates and a key cellular metabolite in signal transduction and regulation of energy homeostasis.It has a role as an EC 3.1.3.11 (fructose-bisphosphatase) inhibitor, an EC 3.1.3.1 (alkaline phosphatase) inhibitor and an adenosine A1 receptor agonist.
    • $33
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  • D-(+)-Trehalose
    T2O279899-20-7
    D-(+)-Trehalose (Mycose) can inhibit the decomposition of collagen, so it can be used to improve osteoporosis.
    • $41
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  • Protodioscin
    T232155056-80-9
    Protodioscin (Furostanol I) is a major steroidal saponin in dioscoreae rhizome, with anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-cancer properties.
    • $110
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  • Perillyl alcohol
    T3314536-59-4
    Perillyl Alcohol is a naturally occurring monoterpene related to limonene with antineoplastic activity. Perillyl alcohol (Isocarveol) inhibits farnesyl transferase and geranylgeranyl transferase, thereby preventing post-translational protein farnesylation and isoprenylation and activation of oncoproteins such as p21-ras, and arresting tumor cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle.
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  • Erucic acid
    T4867112-86-7
    Increased levels of erucic acid (22:1n9) have been found in the red blood cell membranes of autistic subjects with developmental regression (PMID: 16581239 ). Erucic acid (13(Z)-Docosenoic Acid) is broken down long-chain acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase, which is produced in the liver. This enzyme breaks this long chain fatty acid into shorter-chain fatty acids. human infants have relatively low amounts of this enzyme and because of this, babies should not be given foods high in erucic acid. Erucic acid is found to be associated with isovaleric acidemia, which is an inborn error of metabolism.
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  • Trans-​2-​butene-​1,​4-​dicarboxylic acid
    T52464436-74-2
    Trans-2-butene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (3-Hexenedioic Acid) is a normal human unsaturated dicarboxylic acid metabolite with increased excretion in patients with Dicarboxylic aciduria caused by fatty acid metabolism disorders The urinary excretion of Trans-2-butene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid is increased in conditions of augmented mobilization of fatty acids or inhibited fatty acid oxidation.
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  • Spermine tetrahydrochloride
    T3093306-67-2
    Spermine tetrahydrochloride (Musculamine tetrahydrochloride) is a polyamine involved in cellular metabolism found in all eukaryotic cells. It is a major natural intracellular compound capable of protecting DNA from free radical attack.
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  • Coenzyme Q10
    T2796303-98-0
    Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) (ubiquinone) is a naturally occurring compound, acting as the electron carrier in the mitochondrial respiratory chain.
    • $42
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  • Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acid
    T556398-89-5
    Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid is a flavouring ingredien
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  • Desaminotyrosine
    T2862501-97-3
    Desaminotyrosine (3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid) is a microbially associated metabolite. Desaminotyrosine protects from influenza through augmentation of type I interferon signaling.
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  • Gluconate sodium
    T0416527-07-1
    Gluconate sodium (Sodium D-gluconate) is the sodium salt of gluconic acid with a chelating property.
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  • trans-3-Indoleacrylic acid
    T526229953-71-7
    trans-3-Indoleacrylic acid is one of the endogenous metabolites that inhibits RSL3-induced ferroptosis and can be used to study colorectal cancer.
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  • Theobromine
    T062583-67-0
    Theobromine (3,7-Dimethylxanthine), a xanthine alkaloid, is used as a bronchodilator and as a vasodilator.
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  • Medroxyprogesterone Acetate
    T126171-58-9
    Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Farlutin) is a synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
    • $30
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  • L-Glutamine
    T0326L56-85-9
    L-Glutamine (L-Glutamic acid 5-amide) , a non-essential amino acid, is synthesized from glutamic acid and ammonia.
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  • Cortodoxone
    T2748152-58-9
    Cortodoxone (11-Desoxycortisol) is a glucocorticoid steroid hormone that is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of cortisol in the adrenal gland.
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  • DL-Dopa
    T1513863-84-3
    DL-Dopa is a phenylalanine beta-hydroxylated derivative.
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  • L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate
    TN52837048-04-6
    L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate (L-Cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate) is a conditionally essential amino acid, which acts as a precursor for biologically active molecules such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S), taurine and glutathione. L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate suppresses ghrelin and reduces appetite in rodents and humans.
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  • Umbelliferone
    T169393-35-6
    Umbelliferone (7-Hydroxycoumarin) is found in anise. Umbelliferone occurs widely in plants including Angelica species Phytoalexin of infected sweet potat. It has been reported to have antioxidant properties.
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  • L-Serine
    T2O273056-45-1
    L-Serine (serine) is a non-essential amino acid in humans, L-Serine is present and functionally important in many proteins.L-Serine is also found at the active site of the serine protease enzyme class that includes trypsin and chymotrypsin.
    • $31
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  • Methyl 2-furoate
    T8022611-13-2
    Methyl 2-furoate (Methyl furan-2-carboxylate) is a natural product that found in cocoa and cocoa products
    • $30
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  • Trans-​2-​Hexenal
    T80996728-26-3
    Trans-2-Hexenal (trans-2-Hexenal) is an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound protecting plants against harmful substances.
    • $29
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  • Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt
    T470627821-45-0
    Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt (UDP disodium salt) is a specific agonist of the P2Y6 receptors (EC50 = 13 nM for human P2Y6), stimulating the production of inflammatory mediators, phagocytosis, and vasoconstriction. Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt also acts as an antagonist of P2Y14.
    • $32
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  • Sulcatone
    TN6832110-93-0
    Sulcatone (6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one) is an alarm/panic pheromone produce by ant species.
    • $41
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  • Dimethylmalonic acid
    T19284595-46-0
    Dimethylmalonic acid(2,2-Dimethylmalonic acid) is a short-chain dicarboxylic acid found in human serum that can be used to prevent or retard denaturation of fish actinomyosin in freezing buffer solution (pH 7).
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  • 1-Dodecanol
    T9514112-53-8
    1-Dodecanol is an endogenous metabolite and a saturated fatty alcohol from coconut oil fatty acids. It has a floral odor and is used in detergents, Lepidopteran pheromone/sex attractant, lubricating oils, pesticides and pharmaceuticals.
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  • Dopamine hydrochloride
    T164462-31-7
    Dopamine hydrochloride (ASL279) is a naturally occurring catecholamine formed by decarboxylation of dihydroxyphenylalanine and a precursor of norepinephrine and epinephrine. Dopamine hydrochloride binds to alpha-1- and beta-1- adrenergic receptors.
    • $30
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  • Ursolic acid
    T072277-52-1
    Ursolic acid (Prunol)(Bungeolic acid), a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid carboxylic acid, shows anti-tumor effects.
    • $42
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  • ATP disodium trihydrate
    T6498051963-61-2
    ATP disodium trihydrate (Adenosine-5'-triphosphate disodium trihydrate) is an important substance for energy storage and metabolism in the body. It is an important endogenous signaling molecule in immunity and inflammation, which provides energy for the body's metabolism and also acts as a coenzyme in cells.
    • $51
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  • Ferulic Acid
    T22151135-24-6
    Ferulic Acid (Coniferic acid) is a highly abundant phenolic phytochemical and a type of organic compound found in the Ferula assafoetida L. or Ligusticum chuanxiong.It can be absorbed by the small intestine and excreted through the urine.
    • $30
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  • L-Tartaric acid
    T505987-69-4
    L-Tartaric acid ((2R,3R)-(+)-Tartaric acid) occurs naturally in many plants, particularly grapes and tamarinds, and is one of the main acids found in wine. It is used as an antioxidant. Salts of tartaric acid are known as tartrates. L-Tartaric acid is a muscle toxin, which works by inhibiting the production of malic acid, and in high doses causes paralysis and death.
    • $42
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  • Daidzein
    T1238486-66-8
    Daidzein (Isoflavone) is an isoflavone extract from soy, which is an inactive analog of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein. It has antioxidant and phytoestrogenic properties.
    • $45
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  • 1-Hexadecanol
    T635936653-82-4
    1-Hexadecanol (Hexadecan-1-ol), a fatty alcoholis, is utilized for making other chemicals.
    • $31
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  • D-Glucose
    T088750-99-7
    D-Glucose (Glucopyranose) is a primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
    • $41
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  • L-Glutamic acid
    T2A249756-86-0
    L-Glutamic acid (Glutaminol) acts as an excitatory transmitter, shows a direct activating effect on the release of DA from dopaminergic terminals.
    • $42
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  • 5-Methyltetrahydrofolic acid
    T13516134-35-0
    5-Methyltetrahydrofolic acid (5-Methyl THF) is a biologically active form of folic acid and a methylated derivate of tetrahydrofolate. It is the predominant natural dietary folate and the principal form of folate in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid.
    • $39
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  • Lecithin
    T32378002-43-5
    Lecithin (L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine) is considered a safe source of conventional phospholipids. Phospholipids can change the fatty acid composition and microstructure of animal cell membrane.
    • $30
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  • Squalene
    T4749111-02-4
    Squalene (AddaVax) is a natural organic compound originally obtained for commercial purposes primarily from shark liver oil, though there are botanical sources as well, including rice bran, wheat germ, and olives. All higher organisms produce squalene, including humans. Squalene is an intermediate product in the synthesis of cholesterol and shows several pharmacological properties such as hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, antioxidant, and antitoxicant activity.
    • $30
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