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COH29

COH29
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Purity:98.92%
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COH29

Catalog No. T3157Cas No. 1190932-38-7
COH29 (RNR Inhibitor COH29) is an orally available, aromatically substituted thiazole and inhibitor of the human ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon oral administration, the RNR inhibitor COH29 binds to the ligand-binding pocket of the RNR M2 subunit (hRRM2) near the C-terminal tail. Inhibition of RNR activity decreases the pool of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates available for DNA synthesis. The resulting decrease in DNA synthesis causes cell cycle arrest and growth inhibition. In addition, this agent may inhibit the nuclear enzyme poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) 1, which prevents the repair of damaged DNA and causes both the accumulation of single and double strand DNA breaks and the induction of apoptosis.
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Pack SizePriceAvailabilityQuantity
1 mg$31In Stock
2 mg$44In Stock
5 mg$72In Stock
10 mg$122In Stock
25 mg$229In Stock
50 mg$372In Stock
100 mg$622In Stock
1 mL x 10 mM (in DMSO)$79In Stock
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Product Introduction

Bioactivity
Description
COH29 (RNR Inhibitor COH29) is an orally available, aromatically substituted thiazole and inhibitor of the human ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon oral administration, the RNR inhibitor COH29 binds to the ligand-binding pocket of the RNR M2 subunit (hRRM2) near the C-terminal tail. Inhibition of RNR activity decreases the pool of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates available for DNA synthesis. The resulting decrease in DNA synthesis causes cell cycle arrest and growth inhibition. In addition, this agent may inhibit the nuclear enzyme poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) 1, which prevents the repair of damaged DNA and causes both the accumulation of single and double strand DNA breaks and the induction of apoptosis.
In vitro
COH29 overcome gemcitabine and hydroxyurea resistance in Y cells. It potently inhibits proliferation of most cell lines in the NCI 60 human Y panel, most especially leukemia and ovarian Y, but exerts little effect on normal fibroblasts or endothelial cells. NMR, site-directed mutagenesis, and surface plasmon resonance biosensor studies confirm COH29 binding to the proposed ligand-binding pocket and offer evidence for assembly blockade of the RRM1-RRM2 quaternary structure[1].
In vivo
COH29 (50/100 mg/kg, b.i.d., p.o.)results in a dose-dependent inhibition of MOLT-4 tumor xenograft growth, which is pronounced by Day 12 of treatment. In mice bearing TOV11D xenografts, 7 days of treatment with COH29 (200/300/400 mg/kg/day) results in a dose-dependent inhibition of tumor xenograft growth. Compared with the control group, tumor growth is significantly inhibited [1].
Kinase Assay
For kinase assays following immunoprecipitation of FLAG-CDK7 protein from HCT116 or FLAG-CDK12 from 293A cellular lysates, cells are first treated with THZ1, THZ1-R, or DMSO for 4 hrs at 37°C. Cells are then harvested by lysis in 50 mM Tris HCl pH 8.0, 150 mM NaCl, 1% NP-40, 5 mM EDTA, and protease/phosphatase cocktails. Exogenous CDK7 or CDK12 proteins are immunoprecipitated from cellular lysates using FLAG antibody- conjugated agarose beads. Precipitated proteins are washed with lysis buffer 6 times, followed by 2 washes with kinase buffer (40 mM Hepes pH 7.5, 150 mM NaCl, 10 mM MgCl2, 5% glycerol) and subjected to in vitro kinase assays at 30°C for 45 minutes using 1 μg of the large subunit of RNAPII (RPB1) as substrate and 25 μM ATP and 10 μCi of 32P ATP. Kinase assays using recombinant CDK7/TFIIH/MAT1 are conducted in the manner as described above using 25 ng of CAK complex per reaction. For kinase assays designed to test time-dependent inactivation of CDK7 kinase activity, CAK complex is pre-incubated with indicated concentrations of THZ1, THZ1-R, or DMSO in kinase buffer without ATP for 4 hrs at 30°C prior to being subjected to kinase assay conditions[1].
Cell Research
Cells is seeded into 96-well plates in 100 μL of complete medium at 2000 to 5000 cells per well, depending on the cell line's growth rate. After overnight incubation, test compound is added to each well at various concentrations in 50 μL of culture medium. After a further incubation for 96 hours at 37°C, fluorescein diacetate (final concentration: 10 mg/mL) and eosin Y [final concentration: 0.1% (w/v)] is added to each well, and the cells is incubated for an additional 20 minutes at 37°C. Cytotoxicity is assessed by Digital Imaging Microscopy System detection Viability is assessed using MTS [(3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium)] as previously described[1].
AliasRNR Inhibitor COH29
Chemical Properties
Molecular Weight420.44
FormulaC22H16N2O5S
Cas No.1190932-38-7
Storage & Solubility Information
Storage Powder: -20°C for 3 years | In solvent: -80°C for 1 year
Solubility Information
DMSO: 50 mg/mL (118.92 mM)
Solution Preparation Table
DMSO
1mg5mg10mg50mg
1 mM2.3785 mL11.8923 mL23.7846 mL118.9230 mL
5 mM0.4757 mL2.3785 mL4.7569 mL23.7846 mL
10 mM0.2378 mL1.1892 mL2.3785 mL11.8923 mL
20 mM0.1189 mL0.5946 mL1.1892 mL5.9462 mL
50 mM0.0476 mL0.2378 mL0.4757 mL2.3785 mL
100 mM0.0238 mL0.1189 mL0.2378 mL1.1892 mL

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